玄武门事变真实事件,玄武门事变的英文介绍

  The Incident at Xuanwu Gate (玄武门之变) refers to an incident on July 2, 626[1], when Li Shimin the Prince of Qin, a son of Emperor Gaozu of Tang (the founding emperor of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty), in an intense rivalry with his older brother Li Jiancheng the Crown Prince and fearing that Li Jiancheng was about to kill him, set an ambush at Xuanwu Gate, the gate leading to Emperor Gaozu's palace, and killed Li Jiancheng and a younger brother, Li Yuanji the Prince of Qi, who had supported Li Jiancheng玄武门事变真实事件。

   He then sent forces into Emperor Gaozu's palace玄武门事变真实事件。 Emperor Gaozu, under intimidation, created him crown prince, and two months later passed the throne to him (as Emperor Taizong)。

Events leading up to the incident

Emperor Gaozu and his wife, Duchess Dou (who had died prior to his founding of the Tang Dynasty and becoming emperor in 618 and whom he had posthumously honored as an empress) had four sons, Li Jiancheng, Li Shimin, Li Yuanji and Li Yuanba (李元霸, who died in 614)玄武门事变真实事件。

   After the founding of the Tang Dynasty, Li Jiancheng, as the oldest son, was created crown prince, but while he was a capable general himself, he was overshadowed by Li Shimin, who had been the one who persuaded Emperor Gaozu to rebel against Emperor Yang of Sui in the first place, and who had defeated four of Tang's most powerful competitors -- Xue Rengao the Emperor of Qin, Liu Wuzhou the Dingyang Khan, Dou Jiande the Prince of Xia, and Wang Shichong the Emperor of Zheng玄武门事变真实事件。

   Emperor Gaozu gave these three sons plenary powers, and within the Tang capital Chang'an, it was said that the orders of the Crown Prince, the Prince of Qin (Li Shimin), and the Prince of Qi (Li Yuanji) carried equal weight as the emperor's edicts玄武门事变真实事件。

   Traditional histories indicated that because of Li Shimin's contributions, at various times, Emperor Gaozu considered replacing Li Jiancheng with him, but eventually did not, as Li Jiancheng was supported by Li Yuanji and Emperor Gaozu's favorite concubines玄武门事变真实事件。

As the years passed, the rivalry between the brothers intensified, and their respective staff members advised each of them to act first against the other玄武门事变真实事件。

   At one point, when Li Shimin visited Li Yuanji's mansion, Li Yuanji wanted to assassinate him, but Li Jiancheng, not willing to do so, stopped the assassination玄武门事变真实事件。

   Nevertheless, Li Jiancheng feared Li Shimin, and in 624, against Emperor Gaozu's regulations, he tried to supplement his guards with soldiers under the command of the general Li Yi the Prince of Yan玄武门事变真实事件。

   When this was discovered, Emperor Gaozu angrily put Li Jiancheng under house arrest玄武门事变真实事件。 Li Jiancheng's guard commander Yang Wen'gan (杨文干), fearing that he would be punished, rebelled, and in light of Yang's rebellion, Emperor Gaozu offered Li Shimin the crown prince position and ordered him to attack Yang, who soon was killed by his subordinates。

   While Li Shimin was away battling with Yang, however, Li Yuanji, Feng Deyi, and Emperor Gaozu's concubines interceded on Li Jiancheng's behalf, and Emperor Gaozu allowed Li Jiancheng to remain crown prince, while exiling his staff members Wang Gui and Wei Ting (韦挺), and Li Shimin's staff member Du Yan玄武门事变真实事件。

Li Shimin, meanwhile, was trying to persuade Emperor Gaozu to allow him to leave Chang'an and become in charge of Luoyang, the former eastern capital of Sui Dynasty玄武门事变真实事件。

   At one point, Emperor Gaozu agreed, but Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji, fearing that Li Shimin would use Luoyang as a power base to eventually act against them, spoke against the plan, and the plan was not carried out玄武门事变真实事件。

   They further falsely accused Li Shimin of crimes, but because of intercession by the official Chen Shuda (a brother of Chen Dynasty's last emperor Chen Shubao), Li Shimin was not punished玄武门事变真实事件。

   Nevertheless, wanting to reduce Li Shimin's power, Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji had Li Shimin's staff army officers Yuchi Jingde and Cheng Zhijie (程知节) removed from Li Shimin's staff, as well as his strategists Fang Xuanling and Du Ruhui玄武门事变真实事件。

Li Shimin's killing of Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji

In summer 626, the Eastern Tujue general Ashina Yushe (阿史那郁设) had entered Tang territory and put Wucheng (乌城, in modern Yulin, Shaanxi) under siege玄武门事变真实事件。

   Usually, Li Shimin would be sent against Eastern Tujue forces, but at Li Jiancheng's recommendation, Emperor Gaozu commissioned Li Yuanji to do so, and the troops under Li Shimin were transferred to Li Yuanji玄武门事变真实事件。

   Li Shimin, fearful that Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji would use this opportunity to act against him, decided to act, particularly at the urging of his brother-in-law Zhangsun Wuji and Yuchi Jingde玄武门事变真实事件。

   He had Fang Xuanling and Du Ruhui secretly recalled to his mansion to draw the plans for action, and then one night submitted a secret accusation to Emperor Gaozu, accusing Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji of affairs with Emperor Gaozu's concubines and plans to kill him玄武门事变真实事件。

   Emperor Gaozu was surprised by the accusation and promised to handle Li Shimin's accusation the next day, and summoned the high level officers Pei Ji, Xiao Yu, and Chen Shuda to prepare to act on the accusations玄武门事变真实事件。

The next morning, Li Shimin and Zhangsun Wuji first went to Emperor Gaozu's palace, and secretly took over the command at Xuanwu Gate -- the north gate of the palace玄武门事变真实事件。

玄武门事变真实事件,玄武门事变的英文介绍

   Meanwhile, Emperor Gaozu's concubine Consort Zhang had heard what Li Shimin had accused Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji of, and secretly informed them玄武门事变真实事件。

   Li Yuanji advocated not reporting to the palace, but instead preparing troops for battle, but Li Jiancheng, while mobilizing the troops, wanted to go see Emperor Gaozu to see what the situation is, and so they proceeded toward the palace玄武门事变真实事件。

When Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji reached the palace, they began to sense that something was wrong, and they, on their horses, began to head back to Li Jiancheng's palace玄武门事变真实事件。

   Li Shimin personally chased them and yelled out, "Big brother!" Li Yuanji fired three arrows at Li Shimin, missing each time玄武门事变真实事件。

   Li Shimin fired an arrow at Li Jiancheng, killing him玄武门事变真实事件。 Yuchi Jingde then arrived with 70 soldiers, and Li Yuanji fell off his horse。

   Li Shimin's horse was spooked and took him into a forest玄武门事变真实事件。 Li Shimin fell off the horse and could not get up。 Li Yuanji then entered the forest and tried to strangle Li Shimin with his bow, but at this point Yuchi arrived, and Li Yuanji tried to flee。

   Yuchi chased him down and killed him with an arrow玄武门事变真实事件。

Aftermaths

Meanwhile, Li Jiancheng's guard commander Feng Li (冯立), although he heard that Li Jiancheng had died, felt that to be faithful to Li Jiancheng, he should mobilize for battle anyway, and therefore he, along with the other officers Xue Wanche (薛万彻) and Xie Shufang (谢叔方), commanded Li Jiancheng's and Li Yuanji's guards and headed for Xuanwu Gate, where they encountered Li Shimin's guards玄武门事变真实事件。

   Initially, they prevailed, killing Li Shimin's guard commanders Jing Junhong (敬君弘) and Lü Shiheng (吕世衡), but Yuchi Jingde then arrived and displayed the heads of Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji玄武门事变真实事件。

   Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji's guard corps collapsed upon seeing their heads, and Feng and Xue fled玄武门事变真实事件。

Meanwhile, Li Shimin sent Yuchi into the palace with guards, and Yuchi advanced all the way into Emperor Gaozu's presence玄武门事变真实事件。

   Emperor Gaozu was shocked and asked what Yuchi was doing there, and Yuchi responded:

玄武门事变真实事件,玄武门事变的英文介绍

The Crown Prince and the Prince of Qi committed treason玄武门事变真实事件。

   The Prince of Qin mobilized his troops and executed them玄武门事变真实事件。 He feared that Your Imperial Majesty would be shocked, and he sent me to protect you。

Emperor Gaozu, realizing how serious the situation was, asked Pei Ji, Xiao Yu, and Chen Shuda for advice, and Xiao and Chen advised him to create Li Shimin crown prince to placate him玄武门事变真实事件。

   At Yuchi's request, Emperor Gaozu issued an edict ordering the remaining Crown Prince and Qi troops to stop their resistance and submit to Li Shimin玄武门事变真实事件。

   He summoned Li Shimin, whom he comforted with kind words, and Li Shimin knelt and cried玄武门事变真实事件。 Li Shimin nevertheless had Li Jiancheng's and Li Yuanji's sons executed, while having Emperor Gaozu issuing an order pardoning Li Jiancheng's and Li Yuanji's staff members。

   Three days later, Emperor Gaozu created Li Shimin crown prince and ordered that all matters be submitted to Li Shimin for ruling玄武门事变真实事件。

   Two months later, he passed the throne to Li Shimin, who took the throne as Emperor Taizong玄武门事变真实事件。

玄武门事变真实事件,李世民到底是什么原因发动玄武门事变

玄武门之变是李建成一手策划的,目的是为了除去最大隐患保住皇位,李世民为了自保而反击杀死了李建成,李世民本身并没有过分觊觎皇位,但是这在李渊看来就好像李世民杀死了皇位继承人,并且还是以这么突然的方式,从而李世民就好像是一个极度想要夺取皇位从而不择手段杀死太子,并以此事要挟影响李渊的人,李渊当时身体状况已然不佳,听到这个消息更是雪上加霜,就误以为这是李世民为了夺取皇位而产生的极端做法,一气之下愤然退位玄武门事变真实事件。李世民这个皇位可以说是被他的父亲和大哥逼出来的,父亲的误解以及大哥的阴险。

玄武门事变真实事件,天京事变讲的是个怎样的事件?

  咸丰六年( 1856年),太平军先后摧毁 了清军的江北、江南大营,太平天国领导人 被胜利冲昏了头脑,由居功自傲、贪图享乐、 追逐名利,逐渐发展成彼此争夺权位玄武门事变真实事件。杨秀清自恃功高,曾逼天王洪秀全封他 万岁。洪秀全虽然口头答应杨的要求,但暗 地里设防自卫,并密诏在江西前线的韦昌辉 回天京“勤王”。

  韦昌辉早因受杨秀清的凌辱, 而心怀不满,认为报仇的机会已到,便立即 率心腹部队3000人赶回天京玄武门事变真实事件。9月1日深夜, 韦昌辉率军进人天京之后,便封锁交通要道。 次日凌晨,率军进攻东王府,杀死杨秀清及 全家老小,接着又杀死杨秀清部属2万多人。 韦昌辉滥杀无辜的残暴行为受到石达开的怒 斥,韦昌辉转手又要杀石达开,石达开急忙 逃离天京,但其妻子儿女被韦昌辉全部杀死, 韦昌辉的疯狂屠杀,激起天京军民极大愤恨, 洪秀全依靠广大军民,于11月镇压了韦昌辉 及其帮凶秦日纲、陈承镕等200多人,结束 了韦昌辉对天京两个月来的恐怖统治,平息 了这场内乱。

  但太平天国的元气大伤,由此 开始走向衰败玄武门事变真实事件。

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